Skip to main content

Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

See other formats

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl5315\margr1330\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn5315\margrsxn1330\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qc\li130\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 CHAPTER XIII}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1447\fi-1444\ri0\sb180\sa0\sl-245\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 CIVILISATION   UNDER   THE   GUPTAS   AND \expndtw5 RISE OF NEW POWERS}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li11\fi2225\ri1901\sb97\sa0\sl-338\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\scaps\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 section \scaps0 A \i\charscalex90\expndtw4 A. Glorious epoch}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi479\ri0\sb122\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 The period of the Imperial Guptas has often been \expndtw-1 described as the golden age of Hindu history. It com\-\expndtw3 prised the reigns of a number of able, versatile and \expndtw-1 mighty monarchs, who brought about the consolidation \expndtw0 of a large part of Northern India under "one political \expndtw4 umbrella," and ushered in an era of orderly govern\-ment and progress. Both inland and foreign trade \expndtw6 flourished under their vigorous rule, and the wealth of the country multiplied. It was, therefore, natural \expndtw-2 that this internal security and material prosperity should find expression in the development and promotion of \expndtw3 religion, literature, art, and science.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li4\fi472\ri14\sb544\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 During this epoch Brahmanism, gradually came \expndtw9 into ascendancy. This was to a large extent due to \expndtw-1 the patronage of the Gupta kings, who were staunch \expndtw0 Brahmanists with special predilections for the worship \expndtw4 of Visnu. But the wonderful elasticity and assimila\-\expndtw3 tive power of Brahmanism were not less important \expndtw12 factors in its ultimate triumph. It won over the \expndtw3 masses by giving common beliefs, practices, and \expndtw5 aboriginal superstitions the stamp of its recognition; \expndtw18 it strengthened its position by admitting the \expndtw4 casteless foreign invaders within its roomy fold; and}\par }